CHAPTER III 

INCOMES WHICH DO NOT FORM PART OF TOTAL INCOME

Incomes not included in total income.

10.    In computing the total income of a previous year of any person, any income falling within any of the following clauses shall not be included—

             (1)   agricultural income ;

          82 (2)   83[subject to the provisions of sub-section (2) of section 64,] any sum received by an individual as a member of a Hindu undivided family, where such sum has been paid out of the income of the family, or, in the case of any impartible estate, where such sum has been paid out of the income of the estate belonging to the family ;

     84 [(2A)   in the case of a person being a partner of a firm which is separately assessed as such, his share in the total income of the firm.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the share of a partner in the total income of a firm separately assessed as such shall, notwithstanding anything contained in any other law, be an amount which bears to the total income of the firm the same proportion as the amount of his share in the profits of the firm in accordance with the partnership deed bears to such profits ;]

             (3)   85[***]

        86 [(4)   (i) in the case of a non-resident, any income by way of interest on such securities or bonds as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette87, specify in this behalf, including income by way of premium on the redemption of such bonds :

                       88 [Provided that the Central Government shall not specify, for the purposes of this sub-clause, such securities or bonds on or after the 1st day of June, 2002;]

                      89[ 90 (ii) in the case of an individual, any income by way of interest on moneys standing to his credit in a Non-Resident (External) Account in any bank in India in accordance with the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973), and the rules made thereunder :

                      Provided that such individual is a person resident outside India as defined in clause (q) of section 291 of the said Act or is a person who has been permitted by the Reserve Bank of India to maintain the aforesaid Account ;]]

                       92 [***]

     93[(4B)   in the case of an individual, being a citizen of India or a person of Indian origin, who is a non-resident, any income from interest on such savings certificates issued  94 [before the 1st day of June, 2002] by the Central Government as that Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette95, specify in this behalf :

                      Provided that the individual has subscribed to such certificates in convertible foreign exchange remitted from a country out- side India in accordance with the provisions of the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973), and any rules made thereunder.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   a person shall be deemed to be of Indian origin if he, or either of his parents or any of his grandparents, was born in undivided India ;

        (b)   “convertible foreign exchange” means foreign exchange which is for the time being treated by the Reserve Bank of India as convertible foreign exchange for the purposes of the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973), and any rules made thereunder ;]

        96 [(5)   in the case of an individual, the value of any travel concession or assistance received by, or due to, him,—

        (a)   from his employer for himself and his family, in connection with his proceeding on leave to any place in India ;

        (b)   from his employer or former employer for himself and his family, in connection with his proceeding to any place in India after retirement from service or after the termination of his service,

                      subject to such conditions as may be prescribed97 (including conditions as to number of journeys and the amount which shall be exempt per head) having regard to the travel concession or assistance granted to the employees of the Central Government :

                      Provided that the amount exempt under this clause shall in no case exceed the amount of expenses actually incurred for the purpose of such travel.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “family”, in relation to an individual, means—

         (i)   the spouse and children of the individual ; and

        (ii)   the parents, brothers and sisters of the individual or any of them, wholly or mainly dependent on the individual; ]

          (5A)   98 [Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

          (5B)   99[Omitted by the Finance Act, 2002, w.e.f. 1-4-2003;]

             (6)   in the case of an individual who is not a citizen of India,—

         (i)   1 [***]

    2[(ii)   the remuneration received by him as an official, by whatever name called, of an embassy, high commission, legation, commission, consulate or the trade representation of a foreign State, or as a member of the staff of any of these officials, for service in such capacity :

                 Provided that the remuneration received by him as trade commissioner or other official representative in India of the Government of a foreign State (not holding office as such in an honorary capacity), or as a member of the staff of any of those officials, shall be exempt only if the remuneration of the corresponding officials or, as the case may be, members of the staff, if any, of the Government resident for similar purposes in the country concerned enjoys a similar exemption in that country :

                 Provided further that such members of the staff are subjects of the country represented and are not engaged in any business or profession or employment in India otherwise than as members of such staff ;]

(iii) to (v) [Sub-clause (ii) substituted for sub-clauses (ii) to (v) by the Finance Act, 1988, w.e.f. 1-4-1989;]

       (vi)   the remuneration received by him as an employee of a foreign enterprise for services rendered by him during his stay in India, provided the following conditions are fulfilled—

        (a)   the foreign enterprise is not engaged in any trade or business in India ;

        (b)   his stay in India does not exceed in the aggregate a period of ninety days in such previous year ; and

        (c)   such remuneration is not liable to be deducted from the income of the employer chargeable under this Act ;

            (via)   3 [Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

     (vii)   4[Omitted by the Finance Act, 1993, w.e.f. 1-4-1993;]

  (viia)   5 [Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

    (viii)   any income chargeable under the head “Salaries” received by or due to any such individual being a non-resident as remuneration for services rendered in connection with his employment on a foreign ship where his total stay in India does not exceed in the aggregate a period of ninety days in the previous year ;

       (ix)   6[Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

        (x)   7 [Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

   8[(xi)   the remuneration received by him as an employee of the Government of a foreign State during his stay in India in connection with his training in any establishment or office of, or in any undertaking owned by,—

         (i)   the Government ; or

        (ii)   any company in which the entire paid-up share capital is held by the Central Government, or any State Government or Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments ; or

      (iii)   any company which is a subsidiary of a company referred to in item (ii) ; or

       (iv)   any corporation established by or under a Central, State or Provincial Act ; or

        (v)   any society registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (14 of 1860), or under any other corresponding law for the time being in force and wholly financed by the Central Government, or any State Government or State Governments, or partly by the Central Government and partly by one or more State Governments ;]

       9 [(6A)   where in the case of a foreign company deriving income by way of royalty or fees for technical services received from Government or an Indian concern in pursuance of an agreement made by the foreign company with Government or the Indian concern after the 31st day of March, 1976 10[but before the 1st day of June, 2002]  11 [and,—

        (a)   where the agreement relates to a matter included in the industrial policy, for the time being in force, of the Government of India, such agreement is in accordance with that policy ; and

        (b)   in any other case, the agreement is approved by the Central Government,

                      the tax on such income is payable, under the terms of the agreement, by Government or the Indian concern to the Central Government, the tax so paid].

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause 12[and clause (6B)],—

        (a)   “fees for technical services” shall have the same meaning as in Explanation 2 to clause (vii) of sub-section (1) of section 9 ;

        (b)   “foreign company” shall have the same meaning as in section 80B ;

        (c)   “royalty” shall have the same meaning as in Explanation 2 to clause (vi) of sub-section (1) of section 9;]

     12 [(6B)   where in the case of a non-resident (not being a company) or of a foreign company deriving income (not being salary, royalty or fees for technical services) from Government or an Indian concern in pur-suance of an agreement entered into 13[before the 1st day of June, 2002] by the Central Government with the Government of a foreign State or an international organisation, the tax on such income is payable by Government or the Indian concern to the Central Government under the terms of that agreement or any other related agreement approved  13 [before that date] by the Central Government, the tax so paid ;]

14[(6BB)   where in the case of the Government of a foreign State or a foreign enterprise deriving income from an Indian company engaged in the business of operation of aircraft, as a consideration of acquiring an aircraft or an aircraft engine (other than payment for providing spares, facilities or services in connection with the operation of leased aircraft) on lease under  15 [an agreement entered into after the 31st day of March, 1997 but before the 1st day of April, 1999, or entered into after the 16[31st day of March,  17 [2007]] and approved by the Central Government in this behalf] and the tax on such income is payable by such Indian company under the terms of that agreement to the Central Government, the tax so paid.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “foreign enterprise” means a person who is a non-resident;]

    18[(6C)   any income arising to such foreign company, as the Central Government may, by notification 19  in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, by way of 20[royalty or] fees for technical services received in pursuance of an agreement entered into with that Government for providing services in or outside India in projects connected with security of India ;]

             (7)   any allowances or perquisites paid or allowed as such outside India by the Government to a citizen of India for rendering service outside India ;

             (8)   in the case of an individual who is assigned to duties in India in connection with any co-operative technical assistance programmes and projects in accordance with an agreement entered into by the Central Government and the Government of a foreign State (the terms whereof provide for the exemption given by this clause)—

        (a)   the remuneration received by him directly or indirectly from the Government of that foreign State for such duties, and

        (b)   any other income of such individual which accrues or arises outside India, and is not deemed to accrue or arise in India, in respect of which such individual is required to pay any income or social security tax to the Government of that foreign State ;

     21 [(8A)   in the case of a consultant—

        (a)   any remuneration or fee received by him or it, directly or indirectly, out of the funds made available to an international organisation [hereafter referred to in this clause and clause (8B) as the agency] under a technical assistance grant agreement between the agency and the Government of a foreign State ; and

        (b)   any other income which accrues or arises to him or it outside India, and is not deemed to accrue or arise in India, in respect of which such consultant is required to pay any income or social security tax to the Government of the country of his or its origin.

                      Explanation.—In this clause, “consultant” means—

         (i)   any individual, who is either not a citizen of India or, being a citizen of India, is not ordinarily resident in India ; or

        (ii)   any other person, being a non-resident,

                      engaged by the agency for rendering technical services in India in connection with any technical assistance programme or project, provided the following conditions are fulfilled, namely :—

        (1)   the technical assistance is in accordance with an agreement entered into by the Central Government and the agency ; and

        (2)   the agreement relating to the engagement of the consultant is approved by the prescribed authority22 for the purposes of this clause ;

          (8B)   in the case of an individual who is assigned to duties in India in connection with any technical assistance programme and project in accordance with an agreement entered into by the Central Government and the agency—

        (a)   the remuneration received by him, directly or indirectly, for such duties from any consultant referred to in clause (8A) ; and

        (b)   any other income of such individual which accrues or arises outside India, and is not deemed to accrue or arise in India, in respect of which such individual is required to pay any income or social security tax to the country of his origin, provided the following conditions are fulfilled, namely :—

         (i)   the individual is an employee of the consultant referred to in clause (8A) and is either not a citizen of India or, being a citizen of India, is not ordinarily resident in India ; and

        (ii)   the contract of service of such individual is approved by the prescribed authority 22  before the commencement of his service ;]

             (9)   the income of any member of the family of any such individual as is referred to in clause (8) 23[or clause (8A) or, as the case may be, clause (8B)] accompanying him to India, which accrues or arises outside India, and is not deemed to accrue or arise in India, in respect of which such member is required to pay any income or social security tax to the Government of that foreign State  23 [or, as the case may be, country of origin of such member];

24[ 25 (10)   26(i) any death-cum-retirement gratuity received under the revised Pension Rules of the Central Government or, as the case may be, the Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972, or under any similar scheme applicable to the members of the civil services of the Union or holders of posts connected with defence or of civil posts under the Union (such members or holders being persons not governed by the said Rules) or to the members of the all-India services or to the members of the civil services of a State or holders of civil posts under a State or to the employees of a local authority or any payment of retiring gratuity received under the Pension Code or Regulations applicable to the members of the defence services ;

                      (ii) any gratuity received under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 (39 of 1972), to the extent it does not exceed an amount calculated in accordance with the provisions of sub-sections (2) and (3) of section 4 27  of that Act ;

                      (iii) any other gratuity received by an employee on his retirement or on his becoming incapacitated prior to such retirement or on termination of his employment, or any gratuity received by his widow, children or dependants on his death, to the extent it does not, in either case, exceed one-half month’s salary for each year of completed service28,  29 [calculated on the basis of the average salary for the ten months immediately preceding the month in which any such event occurs, subject to such limit30 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf having regard to the limit applicable in this behalf to the employees of that Government] :

                      Provided that where any gratuities referred to in this clause 31  are received by an employee from more than one employer in the same previous year, the aggregate amount exempt from income-tax under this clause 32[shall not exceed the limit so specified] :

                      Provided further that where any such gratuity or gratuities was or were received in any one or more earlier previous years also and the whole or any part of the amount of such gratuity or gratuities was not included in the total income of the assessee of such previous year or years, the amount exempt from income-tax under this clause  32 [shall not exceed the limit so specified] as reduced by the amount or, as the case may be, the aggregate amount not included in the total income of any such previous year or years.

                      33[* * *]

                      Explanation. 34 [In this clause, and in clause (10AA)], “salary” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (h) of rule 2 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule ;]

35[ 36 (10A) 37(i) any payment in commutation of pension received under the Civil Pensions (Commutation) Rules of the Central Government or under any similar scheme applicable  38 [to the members of the civil services of the Union or holders of posts connected with defence or of civil posts under the Union (such members or holders being persons not governed by the said Rules) or to the members of the all-India services or to the members of the defence services or to the members of the civil services of a State or holders of civil posts under a State or to the employees of a local authority] or a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act ;

                      (ii) any payment in commutation of pension received under any scheme of any other employer, to the extent it does not exceed—

        (a)   in a case where the employee receives any gratuity, the commuted value of one-third of the pension which he is normally entitled to receive, and

        (b)   in any other case, the commuted value of one-half of such pension,

                      such commuted value being determined having regard to the age of the recipient, the state of his health, the rate of interest and officially recognised tables of mortality ;

                      39[* * *]

 40 [   (iii) any payment in commutation of pension received from a fund under clause (23AAB) ;]

41[ 42 (10AA)         (i) any payment received by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government as the cash equivalent of the leave salary in respect of the period of earned leave at his credit at the time of his 43retirement  44 [whether] on superannuation or otherwise ;

                      (ii) any payment of the nature referred to in sub-clause (i) received by an employee, other than an employee of the Central Government or a State Government, in respect of so much of the period of earned leave at his credit at the time of his retirement 44[whether] on superannuation  43 or otherwise as does not exceed 45[ten] months, calculated on the basis of the average salary drawn by the employee during the period of ten months immediately preceding his retirement  44 [whether] on superannuation or otherwise, 46[subject to such limit as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf having regard to the limit 47  applicable in this behalf to the employees of that Government] :

                      Provided that where any such payments are received by an employee from more than one employer in the same previous year, the aggregate amount exempt from income-tax under this sub-clause 48[shall not exceed the limit so specified] :

                      Provided further that where any such payment or payments was or were received in any one or more earlier previous years also and the whole or any part of the amount of such payment or payments was or were not included in the total income of the assessee of such previous year or years, the amount exempt from income-tax under this sub-clause  49 [shall not exceed the limit so specified], as reduced by the amount or, as the case may be, the aggregate amount not included in the total income of any such previous year or years.

                      50[* * *]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of sub-clause (ii),—

                       51 [* * *] the entitlement to earned leave of an employee shall not exceed thirty days for every year of actual service rendered by him as an employee of the employer from whose service he has retired ;

                      52[* * *]

 53 [(10B)   any compensation received by a workman under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947), or under any other Act or Rules, orders or notifications issued thereunder or under any standing orders or under any award, contract of service or otherwise, 54[at the time of his retrenchment :

                       Provided that the amount exempt under this clause shall not exceed—

         (i)   an amount calculated in accordance with the provisions of  55 clause (b) of section 25F of the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947) ; or

  56[(ii)   such amount, not being less than fifty thousand rupees, as the Central Government may, by notification 57  in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf,]

                                  whichever is less :

                      Provided further that the preceding proviso shall not apply in respect of any compensation received by a workman in accordance with any scheme which the Central Government may, having regard to the need for extending special protection to the workmen in the undertaking to which such scheme applies and other relevant circum- stances, approve in this behalf.]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause—

        (a)   compensation received by a workman at the time of the closing down of the undertaking in which he is employed shall be deemed to be compensation received at the time of his retrenchment ;

        (b)   compensation received by a workman, at the time of the transfer (whether by agreement or by operation of law) of the ownership or management of the undertaking in which he is employed from the employer in relation to that undertaking to a new employer, shall be deemed to be compensation received at the time of his retrenchment if—

         (i)   the service of the workman has been interrupted by such transfer ; or

        (ii)   the terms and conditions of service applicable to the workman after such transfer are in any way less favourable to the workman than those applicable to him immediately before the transfer ; or

      (iii)   the new employer is, under the terms of such transfer or otherwise, legally not liable to pay to the workman, in the event of his retrenchment, compensation on the basis that his service has been continuous and has not been interrupted by the transfer ;

     58(c)   the expressions “employer” and “workman” shall have the same meanings as in the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 (14 of 1947);]

 59 [(10BB) any payments made under the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster (Processing of Claims) Act, 1985 (21 of 1985), and any scheme framed thereunder except payment made to any assessee in connection with the Bhopal Gas Leak Disaster to the extent such assessee has been allowed a deduction under this Act on account of any loss or damage caused to him by such disaster ;]

60[(10BC) any amount received or receivable from the Central Government or a State Government or a local authority by an individual or his legal heir by way of compensation on account of any disaster, except the amount received or receivable to the extent such individual or his legal heir has been allowed a deduction under this Act on account of any loss or damage caused by such disaster.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “disaster” shall have the meaning assigned to it under clause (d) of section 2 61  of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (53 of 2005);]

62[(10C)   63 any amount received64  65 [or receivable] by an employee of—

         (i)   a public sector company ; or

        (ii)   any other company ; or

      (iii)   an authority established under a Central, State or Provincial Act ; or

       (iv)   a local 66[authority ; or]

   67 [(v)   a co-operative society ; or

       (vi)   a University established or incorporated by or under a Central, State or Provincial Act and an institution declared to be a University under section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (3 of 1956) ; or

     (vii)   an Indian Institute of Technology within the meaning of clause (g) of section 368 of the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 (59 of 1961) ; or

         69 [(viia)   any State Government; or]

        70[(viib)   the Central Government; or]

         71 [(viic)   an institution, having importance throughout India or in any State or States, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette72, specify in this behalf; or]

               (viii)   such institute of management as the Central Government may, by notification 73  in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf,]

                      74[on his]  75 [voluntary retirement or termination of his service, in accordance with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement or in the case of a public sector company referred to in sub-clause (i), a scheme of voluntary separation, to the extent such amount does not exceed five lakh rupees] :

                      Provided that the schemes of the said companies or authorities 76[or societies or Universities or the Institutes referred to in sub-clauses (vii) and (viii)], as the case may be, governing the payment of such amount are framed in accordance with such guidelines (including inter alia criteria of economic viability) as may be  77 prescribed 78[***] :

                      Provided further that where exemption has been allowed to an employee under this clause for any assessment year, no exemption thereunder shall be allowed to him in relation to any other assessment year ;]

                      The following proviso shall be inserted after the second proviso to clause (10C) of section 10 by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2009, w.e.f. 1-4-2010:

Provided also that where any relief has been allowed to an assessee under section 89 for any assessment year in respect of any amount received or receivable on his voluntary retirement or termination of service or voluntary separation, no exemption under this clause shall be allowed to him in relation to such, or any other, assessment year;

 79 [(10CC)           in the case of an employee, being an individual deriving income in the nature of a perquisite, not provided for by way of monetary payment, within the meaning of clause (2) of section 17, the tax on such income actually paid by his employer, at the option of the employer, on behalf of such employee, notwithstanding anything contained in section 20080 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);]

 81 [(10D)   any sum received under a life insurance policy, including the sum allocated by way of bonus on such policy, other than—

        (a)   any sum received under sub-section (3) of section 80DD or sub-section (3) of section 80DDA*; or

        (b)   any sum received under a Keyman insurance policy; or

        (c)   any sum received under an insurance policy issued on or after the 1st day of April, 2003 in respect of which the premium payable for any of the years during the term of the policy exceeds twenty per cent of the actual capital sum assured:

                 Provided that the provisions of this sub-clause shall not apply to any sum received on the death of a person:

                 Provided further that for the purpose of calculating the actual capital sum assured under this sub-clause, effect shall be given to the 82[Explanation to sub-section (3) of section 80C or the Explanation to sub-section (2A) of section 88, as the case may be].

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “Keyman insurance policy” means a life insurance policy taken by a person on the life of another person who is or was the employee of the first-mentioned person or is or was connected in any manner whatsoever with the business of the first-mentioned person;]

           (11)   any payment from a provident fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925 (19 of 1925), applies  83 [or from any other provident fund set up by the Central Government and notified84 by it in this behalf in the Official Gazette];

           (12)   the accumulated balance due and becoming payable to an employee participating in a recognised provident fund, to the extent provided in rule 8 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule ;

      85 [(13)   any payment from an approved superannuation fund made—

         (i)   on the death of a beneficiary ; or

        (ii)   to an employee in lieu of or in commutation of an annuity on his retirement at or after a specified age or on his becoming incapa-citated prior to such retirement ; or

      (iii)   by way of refund of contributions on the death of a beneficiary ; or

       (iv)   by way of refund of contributions to an employee on his leaving the service in connection with which the fund is established otherwise than by retirement at or after a specified age or on his becoming incapacitated prior to such retirement, to the extent to which such payment does not exceed the contributions made prior to the commencement of this Act and any interest thereon;]

86[ 87 (13A) any special allowance specifically granted to an assessee by his employer to meet expenditure actually incurred on payment of rent (by whatever name called) in respect of residential accommoda- tion occupied by the assessee, to such extent 88[* * *] as may be prescribed 89  having regard to the area or place in which such accommodation is situate and other relevant considerations.]

                      90[Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that nothing contained in this clause shall apply in a case where—

        (a)   the residential accommodation occupied by the assessee is owned by him ; or

        (b)   the assessee has not actually incurred expenditure on payment of rent (by whatever name called) in respect of the residential accommodation occupied by him ;]

      91 [(14)   (i) any such special allowance or benefit, not being in the nature of a perquisite within the meaning of clause (2) of section 17, specifically granted to meet expenses wholly, necessarily and exclusively incurred92 in the performance of the duties of an office or employment of profit 93 , 94[as may be prescribed], to the extent to which such expenses are actually incurred for that purpose ;

                      (ii) any such allowance granted to the assessee either to meet his personal expenses at the place where the duties of his office or employment of profit 93  are ordinarily performed by him or at the place where he ordinarily resides, or to compensate him for the increased cost of living, 95[as may be prescribed and to the extent as may be prescribed] :]

                       96 [Provided that nothing in sub-clause (ii) shall apply to any allowance in the nature of personal allowance granted to the assessee to remunerate or compensate him for performing duties of a special nature relating to his office or employment unless such allowance is related to the place of his posting or residence ;]

        (14A)   97[***]

           (15)   98 [(i) income by way of interest, premium on redemption or other payment on such securities, bonds, annuity certificates, savings certificates, other certificates issued by the Central Government and deposits as the Central Government may, by notification99 in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, subject to such conditions and limits as may be specified in the said notification ;]

                       1 [(iib) 2[in the case of an individual or a Hindu undivided family,] interest on such Capital Investment Bonds as the Central Government may, by notification 3  in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf :]

                 4[Provided that the Central Government shall not specify, for the purposes of this sub-clause, such Capital Investment Bonds on or after the 1st day of June, 2002;]

                        5 [(iic) in the case of an individual or a Hindu undivided family, interest on such Relief Bonds6 as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf ;]

                       7 [(iid) interest on such bonds, as the Central Government may, by notification8 in the Official Gazette, specify, arising to—

        (a)   a non-resident Indian, being an individual owning the bonds ; or

        (b)   any individual owning the bonds by virtue of being a nominee or survivor of the non-resident Indian ; or

        (c)   any individual to whom the bonds have been gifted by the non-resident Indian :

                      Provided that the aforesaid bonds are purchased by a non-resident Indian in foreign exchange and the interest and principal received in respect of such bonds, whether on their maturity or otherwise, is not allowable to be taken out of India :

                      Provided further that where an individual, who is a non-resident Indian in any previous year in which the bonds are acquired, becomes a resident in India in any subsequent year, the provisions of this sub-clause shall continue to apply in relation to such individual :

                      Provided also that in a case where the bonds are encashed in a previous year prior to their maturity by an individual who is so entitled, the provisions of this sub-clause shall not apply to such individual in relation to the assessment year relevant to such previous year :

                  9 [Provided also that the Central Government shall not specify, for the purposes of this sub-clause, such bonds on or after the 1st day of June, 2002.]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expression “non-resident Indian” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (e) of section 115C;]

                      (iii) interest on securities held by the Issue Department of the Central Bank of Ceylon constituted under the Ceylon Monetary Law Act, 1949;

                      10[(iiia) interest payable to any bank incorporated in a country outside India and authorised to perform central banking functions in that country on any deposits made by it, with the approval of the Reserve Bank of India, with any scheduled bank.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, “scheduled bank” shall have the meaning assigned to it in  11 [clause (ii) of the Explanation to clause (viia) of sub-section (1) of section 36];]

                      12[(iiib) interest payable to the Nordic Investment Bank, being a multilateral financial institution constituted by the Governments of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, on a loan advanced by it to a project approved by the Central Government in terms of the Memorandum of Understanding entered into by the Central Government with that Bank on the 25th day of November, 1986;]

                       13 [(iiic) interest payable to the European Investment Bank, on a loan granted by it in pursuance of the framework-agreement for financial co-operation entered into on the 25th day of November, 1993 by the Central Government with that Bank;]

                      (iv) interest payable—

  14[(a)   by Government or a local authority on moneys borrowed by it before the 1st day of June, 2001 from, or debts owed by it before the 1st day of June, 2001 to, sources outside India;]

        (b)   by an industrial undertaking in India on moneys borrowed by it under  15 [a loan agreement entered into before the 1st day of June, 2001 with any such financial institution] in a foreign country as may be approved16 in this behalf by the Central Government by general or special order ;

     17 (c)   by an industrial undertaking in India on any moneys borrowed or debt incurred by it 18[before the 1st day of June, 2001] in a foreign country in respect of the purchase outside India of raw materials  19 [or components] or capital plant and machinery, 20[to the extent to which such interest does not exceed the amount of interest calculated at the rate approved by the Central Government in this behalf 21 , having regard to the terms of the loan or debt and its repayment.]

                 22[ 23 [Explanation 1.]—For the purposes of this item, “purchase of capital plant and machinery” includes the purchase of such capital plant and machinery under a hire-purchase agreement or a lease agreement with an option to purchase such plant and machinery.]

                 24[Explanation 2.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that the usance interest payable outside India by an undertaking engaged in the business of ship-breaking in respect of purchase of a ship from outside India shall be deemed to be the interest payable on a debt incurred in a foreign country in respect of the purchase outside India;]

   25 [(d)   by the Industrial Finance Corporation of India established by the Industrial Finance Corporation Act, 1948 (15 of 1948), or the Industrial Development Bank of India established under the Industrial Development Bank of India Act, 1964 (18 of 1964), 26[or the Export-Import Bank of India established under the Export-Import Bank of India Act, 1981 (28 of 1981),]  27 [or the National Housing Bank established under section 3 of the National Housing Bank Act, 1987 (53 of 1987),] 28[or the Small Industries Development Bank of India established under section 3 of the Small Industries Development Bank of India Act, 1989 (39 of 1989),] or the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India [a company formed and registered under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 (7 of 1913)], on any moneys borrowed by it from sources outside India  29 [before the 1st day of June, 2001], to the extent to which such interest does not exceed the amount of interest calculated at the rate approved by the Central Government in this behalf, having regard to the terms of the loan and its repayment;]

   30[(e)   by any other financial institution established in India or a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949), applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act), on any moneys borrowed by it from sources outside India  31 [before the 1st day of June, 2001] under a loan agreement approved by the Central Government where the moneys are borrowed either for the purpose of advancing loans to industrial undertakings in India for purchase outside India of raw materials or capital plant and machinery or for the purpose of importing any goods which the Central Government may consider necessary to import in the public interest, to the extent to which such interest does not exceed the amount of interest calculated at the rate approved by the Central Government in this behalf, having regard to the terms of the loan and its repayment;]

   32[(f)   by an industrial undertaking in India on any moneys borrowed by it in foreign currency from sources outside India under a loan agreement approved by the Central Government  33 [before the 1st day of June, 2001] having regard to the need for industrial development in India, to the extent to which such interest does not exceed the amount of interest calculated at the rate approved by the Central Government in this behalf, having regard to the terms of the loan and its repayment;

34[(fa)   by a scheduled bank  35 [***] 36[to a non-resident or to a person who is not ordinarily resident within the meaning of sub-section (6) of section 6] on deposits in foreign currency where the acceptance of such deposits by the bank is approved by the Reserve Bank of India.

                  37 [Explanation.—For the purposes of this item, the expression “scheduled bank” means the State Bank of India constituted under the State Bank of India Act, 1955 (23 of 1955), a subsidiary bank as defined in the State Bank of India (Subsi-diary Banks) Act, 1959 (38 of 1959), a corresponding new bank constituted under section 3 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970 (5 of 1970), or under section 3 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1980 (40 of 1980), or any other bank being a bank included in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934), but does not include a co-operative bank;]

  38[(g)   by a public company formed and registered in India with the main object of carrying on the business of providing long-term finance for construction or purchase of houses in India for residential purposes,  39 [being a company eligible for deduction under clause (viii) of sub-section (1) of section 36] on any moneys borrowed by it in foreign currency from sources outside India under a loan agreement approved by the Central Government 40[before the 1st day of June, 2003], to the extent to which such interest does not exceed the amount of interest calculated at the rate approved by the Central Government in this behalf, having regard to the terms of the loan and its repayment.]

                 Explanation.—For the purposes of  41 [items (f) 42[, (fa)] and (g)], the expression  43 “foreign currency” shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973);]

  44[(h)   by any public sector company in respect of such bonds or debentures and subject to such conditions, including the condition that the holder of such bonds or debentures registers his name and the holding with that company, as the Central Government may, by notification 45  in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;]

    46[(i)   by Government on deposits made by an employee of the Central Government or a State Government  47 [or a public sector company], in accordance with such scheme as the Central Government may, by notification48 in the Official Gazette, frame in this behalf, out of the moneys due to him on account of his retirement, whether on superannuation or otherwise.]

                       49 [50[Explanation 1].—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expression “industrial undertaking” means any undertaking which is engaged in—

        (a)   the manufacture or processing of goods; or

 51 [(aa)  the manufacture of computer software or recording of programme on any disc, tape, perforated media or other information device; or]

        (b)   the business of generation or distribution of electricity or any other form of power; or

52[(ba)  the business of providing telecommunication services; or]

        (c)   mining; or

        (d)   the construction of ships; or

 53 [(da)  the business of ship-breaking; or]

   54[(e)   the operation of ships or aircrafts or construction or operation of rail systems.]]

                       55 [Explanation 1A.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expression “interest” shall not include interest paid on delayed payment of loan or on default if it is in excess of two per cent per annum over the rate of interest payable in terms of such loan.]

                      56[Explanation 2.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “interest” includes hedging transaction charges on account of currency fluctuation;]

                       57 [(v) interest on—

        (a)   securities held by the Welfare Commissioner, Bhopal Gas Victims, Bhopal, in the Reserve Bank’s SGL Account No. SL/DH 048;

        (b)   deposits for the benefit of the victims of the Bhopal gas leak disaster held in such account, with the Reserve Bank of India or with a public sector bank, as the Central Government may, by notification58 in the Official Gazette, specify, whether prospectively or retrospectively but in no case earlier than the 1st day of April, 1994 in this behalf.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expression “public sector bank” shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Explanation to clause (23D);]

                       59 [(vi) interest on Gold Deposit Bonds issued under the Gold Deposit Scheme, 1999 notified by the Central Government;]

                      60[(vii) interest on bonds—

        (a)   issued by a local authority or by a State Pooled Finance Entity; and

        (b)   specified by the Central Government by notification 61  in the Official Gazette.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this sub-clause, the expression “State Pooled Finance Entity” shall mean such entity which is set up in accordance with the guidelines for the Pooled Finance Development Scheme notified by the Central Government in the Ministry of Urban Development;]

                      62[(viii) any income by way of interest received by a non-resident or a person who is not ordinarily resident, in India on a deposit made on or after the 1st day of April, 2005, in an Offshore Banking Unit 63  referred to in clause (u) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005;]

  64[(15A)   any payment made, by an Indian company engaged in the business of operation of aircraft, to acquire an aircraft or an aircraft engine (other than a payment for providing spares, facilities or services in connection with the operation of leased aircraft) on lease from the Government of a foreign State or a foreign enterprise under an agreement  65 [66[, not being an agreement entered into between the 1st day of April, 1997 and the 31st day of March, 1999,] and] approved by the Central Government in this behalf :

                       67 [Provided that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to any such agreement entered into on or after the 68[1st day of April,  69 [2007]].]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “foreign enterprise” means a person who is a non-resident;]

       70(16)   71 scholarships granted to meet the cost of education;

     72[(17)   any income by way of—

         (i)   daily allowance received by any person by reason of his membership of Parliament or of any State Legislature or of any Committee thereof;  73 [* * *]

  74[(ii)   any allowance received by any person by reason of his membership of Parliament under the Members of Parliament (Constituency Allowance) Rules, 1986;

 75 [(iii)   any constituency allowance received by any person by reason of his membership of any State Legislature under any Act or rules made by that State Legislature;]]]

  76[(17A)   any payment made, whether in cash or in kind,—

         (i)   in pursuance of any award instituted in the public interest by the Central Government or any State Government or instituted by any other body and approved 77  by the Central Government in this behalf; or

        (ii)   as a reward by the Central Government or any State Government for such purposes as may be approved77 by the Central Government in this behalf in the public interest;]

      78 [(18)   any income by way of—

         (i)   pension received by an individual who has been in the service of the Central Government or State Government and has been awarded “Param Vir Chakra” or “Maha Vir Chakra” or “Vir Chakra” or such other gallantry award as the Central Government may, by notification79 in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;

        (ii)   family pension received by any member of the family of an individual referred to in sub-clause (i).

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “family” shall have the meaning assigned to it in the Explanation to clause (5);]

        (18A)   80 [Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

     81[(19)   family pension received by the widow or children or nominated heirs, as the case may be, of a member of the armed forces (including para-military forces) of the Union, where the death of such member has occurred in the course of operational duties, in such circumstances and subject to such conditions, as may be prescribed 82 ;]

  83[(19A)   the annual value of any one palace in the occupation of a Ruler, being a palace, the annual value whereof was exempt from income-tax before the commencement of the Constitution (Twenty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1971, by virtue of the provisions of the Merged States (Taxation Concessions) Order, 1949, or the Part B States (Taxation Concessions) Order, 1950, or, as the case may be, the Jammu and Kashmir (Taxation Concessions) Order, 1958:

                      Provided that for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 1972, the annual value of every such palace in the occupation 84  of such Ruler during the relevant previous year shall be exempt from income-tax;]

       85(20)   the income of a local authority which is chargeable under the head  86 [* * *] “Income from house property”, “Capital gains” or “Income from other sources” or from a trade or business carried on by it which accrues or arises from the supply of a commodity or service 87[(not being water or electricity) within its own jurisdictional area or from the supply of water or electricity within or outside its own jurisdictional area].

                       88 [Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “local authority” means—

         (i) Panchayat as referred to in clause (d) of article 243 of the Constitution89; or

        (ii) Municipality as referred to in clause (e) of article 243P of the Constitution 90 ; or

      (iii) Municipal Committee and District Board,

                 legally entitled to, or entrusted by the Government with, the control or management of a Municipal or local fund; or

       (iv) Cantonment Board as defined in section 390 of the Cantonments Act, 1924 (2 of 1924);]

        (20A)   91 [***]

92[ 93 (21)   94any income of a scientific research association for the time being approved for the purpose of clause (ii) of sub-section (1) of section 35:

                      Provided that the scientific research association—

        (a)   applies its income, or accumulates it for application, wholly and exclusively to the objects for which it is established, and the provisions of sub-section (2) and sub-section (3) of section 11 shall apply in relation to such accumulation subject to the following modifications, namely :—

         (i)   in sub-section (2),—

        (1)   the words, brackets, letters and figure “referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (1) read with the Explanation to that sub-section” shall be omitted;

        (2)   for the words “to charitable or religious purposes”, the words “for the purposes of scientific research” shall be substituted;

        (3)   the reference to “Assessing Officer” in clause (a) thereof shall be construed as a reference to the “prescribed authority” referred to in clause (ii) of sub-section (1) of section 35;

        (ii)   in sub-section (3), in clause (a), for the words “charitable or religious purposes”, the words “the purposes of scientific research” shall be substituted; and

   95 [(b)   does not invest or deposit its funds, other than—

         (i)   any assets held by the scientific research association where such assets form part of the corpus of the fund of the association as on the 1st day of June, 1973;

        (ii)   any assets (being debentures issued by, or on behalf of, any company or corporation), acquired by the scientific research association before the 1st day of March, 1983;

      (iii)   any accretion to the shares, forming part of the corpus of the fund mentioned in sub-clause (i), by way of bonus shares allotted to the scientific research association;

       (iv)   voluntary contributions received and maintained in the form of jewellery, furniture or any other article as the Board may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify,

                 for any period during the previous year otherwise than in any one or more of the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11:]

                      96[Provided further that the exemption under this clause shall not be denied in relation to voluntary contribution, other than voluntary contribution in cash or voluntary contribution of the nature referred to in clause (b) of the first proviso to this clause, subject to the condition that such voluntary contribution is not held by the scientific research association, otherwise than in any one or more of the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11, after the expiry of one year from the end of the previous year in which such asset is acquired or the 31st day of March, 1992, whichever is later:

                      Provided also] that nothing contained in this clause shall apply in relation to any income of the scientific research association, being profits and gains of business, unless the business is incidental to the attainment of its objectives and separate books of account are maintained by it in respect of such business:]

                       97 [Provided also that where the scientific research association is approved by the Central Government and subsequently that Government is satisfied that—

         (i) the scientific research association has not applied its income in accordance with the provisions contained in clause (a) of the first proviso; or

        (ii) the scientific research association has not invested or deposited its funds in accordance with the provisions contained in clause (b) of the first proviso; or

      (iii) the activities of the scientific research association are not genuine; or

       (iv) the activities of the scientific research association are not being carried out in accordance with all or any of the conditions subject to which such association was approved,

                      it may, at any time after giving a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed withdrawal to the concerned association, by order, withdraw the approval and forward a copy of the order withdrawing the approval to such association and to the Assessing Officer;]

           (22)   98[Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

        (22A)   99 [Omitted by the Finance (No. 2) Act, 1998, w.e.f. 1-4-1999;]

    1[(22B)   any income of such news agency set up in India solely for collection and distribution of news as the Central Government may, by notification 2  in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf:

                      Provided that the news agency applies its income or accumulates it for application solely for collection and distribution of news and does not distribute its income in any manner to its members:

                      Provided further that any notification issued by the Central Government under this clause shall, at any one time, have effect for such assessment year or years, not exceeding three assessment years (including an assessment year or years commencing before the date on which such notification is issued) as may be specified in the notification:]

                 3[Provided also that where the news agency has been specified, by notification, by the Central Government and subsequently that Government is satisfied that such news agency has not applied or accumulated or distributed its income in accordance with the provisions contained in the first proviso, it may, at any time after giving a reasonable opportunity of showing cause, rescind the notification and forward a copy of the order rescinding the notification to such agency and to the Assessing Officer;]

           (23)   4 [Omitted by the Finance Act, 2002, w.e.f. 1-4-2003;]

  5[ 6 (23A)   any income (other than income chargeable under the head 7[* * *] “Income from house property” or any income received for rendering any specific services or income by way of interest or dividends derived from its investments) of an association or institution established in India having as its object the control, supervision, regulation or encouragement of the profession of law, medicine, accountancy, engineering or architecture or such other profession 8  as the Central Government may specify in this behalf, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette:

                      Provided that—

         (i)   the association or institution applies its income, or accumulates it for application, solely to the objects for which it is established; and

        (ii)   the association or institution is for the time being approved9 for the purpose of this clause by the Central Government by general or special order:]

                       10 [Provided further that where the association or institution has been approved by the Central Government and subsequently that Government is satisfied that—

         (i) such association or institution has not applied or accumulated its income in accordance with the provisions contained in the first proviso; or

        (ii) the activities of the association or institution are not being carried out in accordance with all or any of the conditions subject to which such association or institution was approved,

                      it may, at any time after giving a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed withdrawal to the concerned association or institution, by order, withdraw the approval and forward a copy of the order withdrawing the approval to such association or institution and to the Assessing Officer;]

11[(23AA)  any income received by any person on behalf of any Regimental Fund or Non-Public Fund established by the armed forces of the Union for the welfare of the past and present members of such forces or their dependants;]

 12 [(23AAA)     any income received by any person on behalf of a fund established, for such purposes as may be notified13 by the Board in the Official Gazette, for the welfare of employees or their dependants and of which fund such employees are members if such fund fulfils the following conditions, namely :—

        (a)   the fund—

         (i)   applies its income or accumulates it for application, wholly and exclusively to the objects for which it is established; and

        (ii)   invests its funds and contributions and other sums received by it in the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11;

        (b)   the fund is approved by the Commissioner in accordance with the rules 14  made in this behalf:

                      Provided that any such approval shall at any one time have effect for such assessment year or years not exceeding three assessment years as may be specified in the order of approval;]

15[(23AAB)      any income of a fund, by whatever name called, set up by the Life Insurance Corporation of India on or after the 1st day of August, 1996  16 [or any other insurer] under a pension scheme,—

         (i)   to which contribution is made by any person for the purpose of receiving pension from such fund;

        (ii)   which is approved by the Controller of Insurance 17[or the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 (41 of 1999), as the case may be].

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “Controller of Insurance” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (5B) of section 2 of the Insurance Act, 1938 (4 of 1938) 18 ;]

  19[(23B)   any income of an institution constituted as a public charitable trust or registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860), or under any law corresponding to that Act in force in any part of India, and existing solely for the development of khadi or village industries or both, and not for purposes of profit, to the extent such income is attributable to the business of production, sale, or marketing, of khadi or products of village industries:

                      Provided that—

         (i)   the institution applies its income, or accumulates it for application, solely for the development of khadi or village industries or both; and

        (ii)   the institution is, for the time being, approved for the purpose of this clause by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission:

                      Provided further that the Commission shall not, at any one time, grant such approval for more than three assessment years beginning with the assessment year next following the financial year in which it is granted:

                       20 [Provided also that where the institution has been approved by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission and subsequently that Commission is satisfied that—

         (i) the institution has not applied or accumulated its income in accordance with the provisions contained in the first proviso; or

        (ii) the activities of the institution are not being carried out in accordance with all or any of the conditions subject to which such institution was approved,

                      it may, at any time after giving a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed withdrawal to the concerned institution, by order, withdraw the approval and forward a copy of the order withdrawing the approval to such institution and to the Assessing Officer.]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

         (i)   “Khadi and Village Industries Commission” means the Khadi and Village Industries Commission established under the Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act, 1956 (61 of 1956);

        (ii)   21“khadi” and “village industries” have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Act;]

 22 [(23BB) any income of an authority (whether known as the Khadi and Village Industries Board or by any other name) established in a State by or under a State or Provincial Act for the development of khadi or village industries in the State.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, 21“khadi” and “village industries” have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act, 1956 (61 of 1956);]

 22 [(23BBA)         any income of any body or authority (whether or not a body corporate or corporation sole) established, constituted or appointed by or under any Central, State or Provincial Act which provides for the administration of any one or more of the following, that is to say, public religious or charitable trusts or endowments (including maths, temples, gurdwaras, wakfs, churches, synagogues, agiaries or other places of public religious worship) or societies for religious or charitable purposes registered as such under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860), or any other law for the time being in force:

                      Provided that nothing in this clause shall be construed to exempt from tax the income of any trust, endowment or society referred to therein;]

23[(23BBB)         any income of the European Economic Community derived in India by way of interest, dividends or capital gains from investments made out of its funds under such scheme 24  as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “European Economic Community” means the European Economic Community established by the Treaty of Rome of 25th March, 1957;]

25[(23BBC )       any income of the SAARC Fund for Regional Projects set up by Colombo Declaration issued on the 21st day of December, 1991 by the Heads of State or Government of the Member Countries of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation established on the 8th day of December, 1985 by the Charter of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation;]

 26 [(23BBD)        any income of the Secretariat of the Asian Organisation of the Supreme Audit Institutions registered as “ASOSAI-SECRETARIAT” under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 (21 of 1860) for 27[ten previous years relevant to the assessment years beginning on the 1st day of April, 2001 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2011];

(23BBE)   any income of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Act, 1999 (41 of 1999);]

 28 [(23BBF)        any income of the North-Eastern Development Finance Corporation Limited, being a company formed and registered under the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) :

                      Provided that in computing the total income of the North-Eastern Development Finance Corporation Limited, the amount to the extent of—

         (i)   twenty per cent of the total income for assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2006;

        (ii)   forty per cent of the total income for assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2007;

      (iii)   sixty per cent of the total income for assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2008;

       (iv)   eighty per cent of the total income for assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2009;

        (v)   one hundred per cent of the total income for assessment year beginning on the 1st day of April, 2010 and any subsequent assessment year or years,

                      shall be included in such total income;]

29[(23BBG)         any income of the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission constituted under sub-section (1) of section 76 of the Electricity Act, 2003 (36 of 2003);]

 30 [31(23C)           any income received by any person on behalf of—

         (i)   the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund; or

        (ii)   the Prime Minister’s Fund (Promotion of Folk Art); or

      (iii)   the Prime Minister’s Aid to Students Fund;  32 [or]

33[(iiia) the National Foundation for Communal Harmony; or]

 34 [(iiiab)   any university or other educational institution35 existing 35  solely35 for educational purposes and not for purposes of profit, and which is wholly or substantially financed by the Government; or

(iiiac)   any hospital or other institution for the reception and treatment of persons suffering from illness or mental defectiveness or for the reception and treatment of persons during convalescence or of persons requiring medical attention or rehabilitation, existing solely for philanthropic purposes and not for purposes of profit, and which is wholly or substantially financed by the Government; or

(iiiad)   any university or other educational institution 35  existing35 solely 35  for educational purposes and not for purposes of profit if the aggregate annual receipts of such university or educational institution do not exceed the amount of annual receipts as may be prescribed36; or

(iiiae)   any hospital or other institution for the reception and treatment of persons suffering from illness or mental defectiveness or for the reception and treatment of persons during convalescence or of persons requiring medical attention or rehabilitation, existing solely for philanthropic purposes and not for purposes of profit, if the aggregate annual receipts of such hospital or institution do not exceed the amount of annual receipts as may be prescribed 36 ; or]

37[(iv)   38 any other fund or institution established for charitable purposes 39[which may be approved by the prescribed authority 40 ], having regard to the objects of the fund or institution and its importance throughout India or throughout any State or States; or

        (v)   41any trust (including any other legal obligation) or institution wholly for public religious purposes or wholly for public religious and charitable purposes,  42 [which may be approved by the prescribed authority43], having regard to the manner in which the affairs of the trust or institution are administered and supervised for ensuring that the income accruing thereto is properly applied for the objects thereof;

 44 [(vi)   any university or other educational institution45 existing 45  solely45 for educational purposes and not for purposes of profit, other than those mentioned in sub-clause (iiiab) or sub-clause (iiiad) and which may be approved 46  by the prescribed authority47; or

    (via)   any hospital or other institution for the reception and treatment of persons suffering from illness or mental defectiveness or for the reception and treatment of persons during convalescence or of persons requiring medical attention or rehabilitation, existing solely for philanthropic purposes and not for purposes of profit, other than those mentioned in sub-clause (iiiac) or sub-clause (iiiae) and which may be approved 48  by the prescribed autho-rity49 :]

                      Provided that the fund or trust or institution  50 [or any university or other educational institution51 or any hospital or other medical institution] referred to in sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v)  50 [or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via)] shall make an application in the prescribed form52 and manner to the prescribed authority 53  for the purpose of grant of the exemption, or continuance thereof, under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) 54[or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via)] :

                       55 [Provided further that the prescribed authority, before approving any fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution, under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via), may call for such documents (including audited annual accounts) or information from the fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution, as the case may be, as it thinks necessary in order to satisfy itself about the genuineness of the activities of such fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution, as the case may be, and the prescribed authority may also make such inquiries as it deems necessary in this behalf:]

                      Provided also that the fund or trust or institution 56[or any university or other educational institution 57  or any hospital or other medical institution] referred to in sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) 56[or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via)]—

   58 [(a) applies its income, or accumulates it for application, wholly and exclusively to the objects for which it is established and in a case where more than fifteen per cent of its income is accumulated on or after the 1st day of April, 2002, the period of the accumulation of the amount exceeding fifteen per cent of its income shall in no case exceed five years; and]

  59[(b)   does not invest or deposit its funds, other than—

         (i)   any assets held by the fund, trust or institution  60 [or any university or other educational institution61 or any hospital or other medical institution] where such assets form part of the corpus of the fund, trust or institution  62 [or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution] as on the 1st day of June, 1973;

63[(ia)   any asset, being equity shares of a public company, held by any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution where such assets form part of the corpus of any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution as on the 1st day of June, 1998;]

        (ii)   any assets (being debentures issued by, or on behalf of, any company or corporation), acquired by the fund, trust or institution  64 [or any university or other educational institution65 or any hospital or other medical institution] before the 1st day of March, 1983;

      (iii)   any accretion to the shares, forming part of the corpus mentioned in sub-clause (i)  66 [and sub-clause (ia)], by way of bonus shares allotted to the fund, trust or institution 64[or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution] ;

       (iv)   voluntary contributions received and maintained in the form of jewellery, furniture or any other article as the Board may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify,

                 for any period during the previous year otherwise than in any one or more of the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11:]

                      Provided also that the exemption under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) shall not be denied in relation to any funds invested or deposited before the 1st day of April, 1989, otherwise than in any one or more of the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11 if such funds do not continue to remain so invested or deposited after the 30th day of March,  67 [1993] :

68[Provided also that the exemption under sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via) shall not be denied in relation to any funds invested or deposited before the 1st day of June, 1998, otherwise than in any one or more of the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11 if such funds do not continue to remain so invested or deposited after the 30th day of March, 2001 :]

                       69 [Provided also that the exemption under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) 68[or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via)] shall not be denied in relation to voluntary contribution, other than voluntary contribution in cash or voluntary contribution of the nature referred to in clause (b) of the third proviso to this sub-clause, subject to the condition that such voluntary contribution is not held by the trust or institution  70 [or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution], otherwise than in any one or more of the forms or modes specified in sub-section (5) of section 11, after the expiry of one year from the end of the previous year in which such asset is acquired or the 31st day of March, 1992, whichever is later:]

                      Provided also that nothing contained in sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) 71[or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via)] shall apply in relation to any income of the fund or trust or institution  71 [or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution], being profits and gains of business, unless the business is incidental to the attainment of its objectives and separate books of account are maintained by it in respect of such business:

                      Provided also that any 72[notification issued by the Central Government under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v), before the date on which the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2006 receives the assent of the President*, shall, at any one time, have effect for such assessment year or years, not exceeding three assessment years] (including an assessment year or years commencing before the date on which such notification is issued) as may be specified in the notification:]

                       73 [Provided also that where an application under the first proviso is made on or after the date on which the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2006 receives the assent of the President,* every notification under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) shall be issued or approval under 74[sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) or] sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via) shall be granted or an order rejecting the application shall be passed within the period of twelve months from the end of the month in which such application was received:

                      Provided also that where the total income, of the fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution referred to in sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via), without giving effect to the provisions of the said sub-clauses, exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to tax in any previous year, such trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution shall get its accounts audited in respect of that year by an accountant as defined in the Explanation below sub-section (2) of section 288 and furnish along with the return of income for the relevant assessment year, the report of such audit in the prescribed form 75  duly signed and verified by such accountant and setting forth such particulars as may be prescribed:]

                      76[Provided also that any amount of donation received by the fund or institution in terms of clause (d) of sub-section (2) of section 80G  77 [in respect of which accounts of income and expenditure have not been rendered to the authority prescribed under clause (v) of sub-section (5C) of that section, in the manner specified in that clause, or] which has been utilised for purposes other than providing relief to the victims of earthquake in Gujarat or which remains unutilised in terms of sub-section (5C) of section 80G and not transferred to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund on or before the 31st day of March, 78[2004] shall be deemed to be the income of the previous year and shall accordingly be charged to tax:]

                       79 [***]

                      80[Provided also that where the fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution referred to in sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via) does not apply its income during the year of receipt and accumulates it, any payment or credit out of such accumulation to any trust or institution registered under section 12AA or to any fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution referred to in sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via) shall not be treated as application of income to the objects for which such fund or trust or institution or university or educational institution or hospital or other medical institution, as the case may be, is established :

                      Provided also that where the fund or institution referred to in sub-clause (iv) or trust or institution referred to in sub-clause (v) is notified by the Central Government  81 [or is approved by the prescribed authority, as the case may be,] or any university or other educational institution referred to in sub-clause (vi) or any hospital or other medical institution referred to in sub-clause (via), is approved by the prescribed authority and subsequently that Government or the prescribed authority is satisfied that—

         (i) such fund or institution or trust or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution has not—

        (A) applied its income in accordance with the provisions contained in clause (a) of the third proviso; or

       (B) invested or deposited its funds in accordance with the provisions contained in clause (b) of the third proviso; or

        (ii) the activities of such fund or institution or trust or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution—

        (A) are not genuine; or

       (B) are not being carried out in accordance with all or any of the conditions subject to which it was notified or approved,

                      it may, at any time after giving a reasonable opportunity of showing cause against the proposed action to the concerned fund or institution or trust or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution, rescind the notification or, by order, withdraw the approval, as the case may be, and forward a copy of the order rescinding the notification or withdrawing the approval to such fund or institution or trust or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution and to the Assessing Officer:]

                      82[Provided also that in case the fund or trust or institution or any university or other educational institution or any hospital or other medical institution referred to in the first proviso makes an application on or after the 1st day of June, 2006 for the purposes of grant of exemption or continuance thereof, such application shall be  82a [made on or before the 30th day of September of the relevant assessment year] from which the exemption is sought :]

                      83[Provided also that any anonymous donation referred to in section 115BBC on which tax is payable in accordance with the provisions of the said section shall be included in the total income :]

                       84 [Provided also that all pending applications, on which no notification has been issued under sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) before the 1st day of June, 2007, shall stand transferred on that day to the prescribed authority and the prescribed authority may proceed with such applications under those sub-clauses from the stage at which they were on that day;]

85[(23D)   86 [87[ 88 [subject to the provisions of Chapter XII-E, any income of]—]

         (i)   a Mutual Fund registered under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992) or regulations made thereunder;

        (ii)   such other Mutual Fund set up by a public sector bank or a public financial institution or authorised by the Reserve Bank of India and subject to such conditions as the Central Government may, by notification89 in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf.]

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   the expression “public sector bank” means the State Bank of India constituted under the State Bank of India Act, 1955 (23 of 1955), a subsidiary bank as defined in the State Bank of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959 (38 of 1959), a corres-ponding new Bank constituted under section 3 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Under-takings) Act, 1970 (5 of 1970), or under section 3 of the Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Under-takings) Act, 1980 (40 of 1980)  89a [and a bank included in the category “other public sector banks” by the Reserve Bank of India];

        (b)   the expression “public financial institution” shall have the meaning assigned to it in section 4A of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956)90;]

   91 [(c)   the expression 92“Securities and Exchange Board of India” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992);]

        (23E)   93 [Omitted by the Finance Act, 2002, w.e.f. 1-4-2003;]

94[(23EA)  any income  95 [, by way of contributions received from recognised stock exchanges and the members thereof,] of such Investor Protection Fund set up by recognised stock exchanges in India, either jointly or separately, as the Central Government may, by notification96 in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf:

                      Provided that where any amount standing to the credit of the Fund and not charged to income-tax during any previous year is shared, either wholly or in part, with a recognised stock exchange, the whole of the amount so shared shall be deemed to be the income of the previous year in which such amount is so shared and shall accordingly be chargeable to income-tax;]

 97 [(23EB)            any income of the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Small 98[***] Industries, being a trust created by the Government of India and the Small Industries Development Bank of India established under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Small Industries Development Bank of India Act, 1989 (39 of 1989), for five previous years relevant to the assessment years beginning on the 1st day of April, 2002 and ending on the 31st day of March, 2007;]

 99 [(23EC)            any income, by way of contributions received from commodity exchanges and the members thereof, of such Investor Protection Fund set up by commodity exchanges in India, either jointly or separately, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf:

                      Provided that where any amount standing to the credit of the said Fund and not charged to income-tax during any previous year is shared, either wholly or in part, with a commodity exchange, the whole of the amount so shared shall be deemed to be the income of the previous year in which such amount is so shared and shall accordingly be chargeable to income-tax.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “commodity exchange” shall mean a “registered association” as defined in clause (jj) of section 2 of the Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1952 (74 of 1952)1;]

    2 [(23F)   any income by way of dividends or long-term capital gains of a venture capital fund or a venture capital company from investments made by way of equity shares in a venture capital undertaking :

                      Provided that such venture capital fund or venture capital company is approved for the purposes of this clause by the prescribed authority3 in accordance with the rules 4  made in this behalf and satisfies the prescribed conditions :

                      Provided further that any approval by the prescribed authority shall, at any one time, have effect for such assessment year or years, not exceeding three assessment years, as may be specified in the order of approval :

5[Provided also that nothing contained in this clause shall apply in respect of any investment made after the 31st day of March, 1999.]

                       6 [* * *]

                      6[* * *]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   “venture capital fund” means such fund, operating under a trust deed registered under the provisions of the Registration Act, 1908 (16 of 1908), established to raise monies by the trustees for investments mainly by way of acquiring equity shares of a venture capital undertaking in accordance with the prescribed guidelines;

        (b)   “venture capital company” means such company as has made investments by way of acquiring equity shares of venture capital undertakings in accordance with the prescribed guidelines;

     7 [(c)   “venture capital undertaking” means such domestic company whose shares are not listed in a recognised stock exchange in India and which is engaged in the business of generation or generation and distribution of electricity or any other form of power or engaged in the business of providing telecommunication services or in the business of developing, maintaining and operating any infrastructure facility or engaged in the manufacture or production of such articles or things (including computer software) as may be notified8 by the Central Government in this behalf; and

        (d)   “infrastructure facility” means a road, highway, bridge, airport, port, rail system, a water supply project, irrigation project, sanitation and sewerage system or any other public facility of a similar nature as may be notified by the Board in this behalf in the Official Gazette and which fulfils the conditions specified in sub-section (4A) of section 80-IA;]

 9 [(23FA)   any income by way of dividends 10[, other than dividends referred to in section 115-O], or long-term capital gains of a venture capital fund or a venture capital company from investments made by way of equity shares in a venture capital undertaking :

                      Provided that such venture capital fund or venture capital company is approved, for the purposes of this clause, by the Central Government on an application made to it in accordance with the rules 11  made in this behalf and which satisfies the prescribed conditions :

                      Provided further that any approval by the Central Government shall, at any one time, have effect for such assessment year or years, not exceeding three assessment years, as may be specified in the order of approval :

12[Provided also that nothing contained in this clause shall apply in respect of any investment made after the 31st day of March, 2000.]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   “venture capital fund” means such fund, operating under a trust deed registered under the provisions of the Registration Act, 1908 (16 of 1908), established to raise monies by the trustees for investments mainly by way of acquiring equity shares of a venture capital undertaking in accordance with the prescribed guidelines;

        (b)   “venture capital company” means such company as has made investments by way of acquiring equity shares of venture capital undertakings in accordance with the prescribed guidelines; and

        (c)   “venture capital undertaking” means such domestic company whose shares are not listed in a recognised stock exchange in India and which is engaged in the—

         (i)   business of—

        (A)   software;

       (B)   information technology;

       (C)   production of basic drugs in the pharmaceutical sector;

       (D)   bio-technology;

       (E)   agriculture and allied sectors; or

       (F)   such other sectors as may be notified 13  by the Central Government in this behalf; or

        (ii)   production or manufacture of any article or substance for which patent has been granted to the National Research Laboratory or any other scientific research institution approved by the Department of Science and Technology;]

14[(23FB) any income of a venture capital company or venture capital fund  15 [from investment] in a venture capital undertaking.

                      Explanation 16[1].—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   “venture capital company” means such company—

         (i)   which has been granted a certificate of registration under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992), and regulations made thereunder;

        (ii)   which fulfils the conditions as may be specified, with the approval of the Central Government, by the Securities and Exchange Board of India, by notification in the Official Gazette, in this behalf;

        (b)   “venture capital fund” means such fund—

    17 [(i)   operating under a trust deed registered under the provisions of the Registration Act, 1908 (16 of 1908) or operating as a venture capital scheme made by the Unit Trust of India established under the Unit Trust of India Act, 1963 (52 of 1963);]

        (ii)   which has been granted a certificate of registration under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 (15 of 1992), and regulations made thereunder;

      (iii)   which fulfils the conditions as may be specified, with the approval of the Central Government, by the Securities and Exchange Board of India, by notification in the Official Gazette, in this behalf; and

   18[(c)   “venture capital undertaking” means such domestic company whose shares are not listed in a recognised stock exchange in India and which is engaged in the—

         (i)   business of—

       (A)   nanotechnology;

       (B)   information technology relating to hardware and software development;

       (C)   seed research and development;

      (D)   bio-technology;

       (E)   research and development of new chemical entities in the pharmaceutical sector;

       (F)   production of bio-fuels;

      (G)   building and operating composite hotel-cum-convention centre with seating capacity of more than three thousand; or

      (H)   developing or operating and maintaining or deve-loping, operating and maintaining any infrastructure facility as defined in the Explanation to clause (i) of sub-section (4) of section 80-IA; or

        (ii)   dairy or poultry industry;]

                       19 [***]

       (23G)   20[Omitted by the Finance Act, 2006, w.e.f. 1-4-2007;]

 21 [22(24)   any income chargeable under the heads “Income from house property” and “Income from other sources” of—

        (a)   a registered union within the meaning of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 (16 of 1926), formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen;

        (b)   an association of registered unions referred to in sub-clause (a);]

           (25)   (i) interest on securities which are held by, or are the property of, any provident fund to which the Provident Funds Act, 1925 (19 of 1925), applies, and any capital gains of the fund arising from the sale, exchange or transfer of such securities;

                      (ii) any income received by the trustees on behalf of a recognised provident fund;

                      (iii) any income received by the trustees on behalf of an approved superannuation fund;

                       23 [(iv) any income received by the trustees on behalf of an approved gratuity fund;]

                      24[(v) any income received—

        (a)   by the Board of Trustees constituted under the Coal Mines Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1948 (46 of 1948), on behalf of the Deposit-linked Insurance Fund established under section 3G of that Act; or

        (b)   by the Board of Trustees constituted under the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 (19 of 1952), on behalf of the Deposit-linked Insurance Fund established under section 6C of that Act;]

   25 [(25A)   any income of the Employees’ State Insurance Fund set up under the provisions of the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 (34 of 1948);]

     26[(26)   27 in the case of a member of a 28Scheduled Tribe as defined in clause (25) of article 366 of the Constitution, residing 29  in any area specified in Part I or Part II of the Table appended to paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution or in the 30[States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura] or in the areas covered by notification No. TAD/R/35/50/109, dated the 23rd February, 1951, issued by the Governor of Assam under the proviso to sub-paragraph (3) of the said paragraph 20 [as it stood immediately before the commencement of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorga-nisation) Act, 1971 (81 of 1971)]  31 [or in the Ladakh region of the State of Jammu and Kashmir], any income which accrues or arises to him,—

        (a)   from any source in the areas 32[or States aforesaid], or

        (b)   by way of dividend or interest on securities;]

   33 [(26A)   any income accruing or arising to any person 34[* * *] from any source in the district of Ladakh or outside India in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing before the 1st day of April,  35 [1989], where such person is resident in the said district in that previous year :

                      Provided that this clause shall not apply in the case of any such person unless he was resident in that district in the previous year relevant to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 1962.

                      36[Explanation 1].—For the purposes of this clause, a person shall be deemed to be resident in the district of Ladakh if he fulfils the requirements of sub-section (1) 37  or sub-section (2) or sub-section (3) or sub-section (4) of section 6, as the case may be, subject to the modifications that—

         (i)   references in those sub-sections to India shall be construed as references to the said district; and

        (ii)   in clause (i) of sub-section (3), reference to Indian company shall be construed as reference to a company formed and registered under any law for the time being in force in the State of Jammu and Kashmir and having its registered office in that district in that year.]

                      38[Explanation 2.—In this clause, references to the district of Ladakh shall be construed as references to the areas comprised in the said district on the 30th day of June, 1979;]

     (26AA)   39 [* * *]

40[(26AAA)          40a in case of an individual, being a Sikkimese, any income which accrues or arises to him—

        (a)   from any source in the State of Sikkim; or

        (b)   by way of dividend or interest on securities:

                      Provided that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to a Sikkimese woman who, on or after the 1st day of April, 2008, marries an individual who is not a Sikkimese.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “Sikkimese” shall mean—

         (i)   an individual, whose name is recorded in the register maintained under the Sikkim Subjects Regulation, 1961 read with the Sikkim Subject Rules, 1961 (hereinafter referred to as the “Register of Sikkim Subjects”), immediately before the 26th day of April, 1975; or

        (ii)   an individual, whose name is included in the Register of Sikkim Subjects by virtue of the Government of India Order No. 26030/36/90-I.C.I., dated the 7th August, 1990 and Order of even number dated the 8th April, 1991; or

      (iii)   any other individual, whose name does not appear in the Register of Sikkim Subjects, but it is established beyond doubt that the name of such individual’s father or husband or paternal grand-father or brother from the same father has been recorded in that register;]

41[(26AAB)        any income of an agricultural produce market committee or board constituted under any law for the time being in force for the purpose of regulating the marketing of agricultural produce;]

 42 [(26B) any income of a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act or of any other body, institution or association (being a body, institution or association wholly financed by Government) where such corporation or other body or institution or association has been established or formed for promoting the interests of the 43[members of the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes or backward classes or of any two or all of them].

                       44 [Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   45Scheduled Castes” and  46 “Scheduled Tribes” shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in clauses (24) and (25) of article 366 of the Constitution;

        (b)   “backward classes” means such classes of citizens, other than the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, as may be notified—

         (i)   by the Central Government; or

        (ii)   by any State Government,

                 as the case may be, from time to time;]

47[(26BB)            any income of a corporation established by the Central Government or any State Government for promoting the interests of the members of a minority community.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “minority community” means a community notified 48  as such by the Central Government in the Official Gazette in this behalf;]

49[(26BBB)         any income of a corporation established by a Central, State or Provincial Act for the welfare and economic upliftment of ex-servicemen being the citizens of India.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “ex-serviceman” means a person who has served in any rank, whether as combatant or non-combatant, in the armed forces of the Union or armed forces of the Indian States before the commencement of the Constitution (but excluding the Assam Rifles, Defence Security Corps, General Reserve Engineering Force, Lok Sahayak Sena, Jammu and Kashmir Militia and Territorial Army) for a continuous period of not less than six months after attestation and has been released, otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, and in the case of a deceased or incapacitated ex-serviceman includes his wife, children, father, mother, minor brother, widowed daughter and widowed sister, wholly dependant upon such ex-serviceman immediately before his death or incapacitation;]

      50 [(27) any income of a co-operative society formed for promoting the interests of the members of either the Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes or both referred to in clause (26B) :

                      Provided that the membership of the co-operative society consists of only other co-operative societies formed for similar purposes and the finances of the society are provided by the Government and such other societies;]

           (28)   51[* * *]

           (29)   52 [Omitted by the Finance Act, 2002, w.e.f. 1-4-2003;]

  53[(29A)   any income accruing or arising to—

        (a)   the Coffee Board constituted under section 4 of the Coffee Act, 1942 (7 of 1942) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1962 or the previous year in which such Board was constituted, whichever is later;

        (b)   the Rubber Board constituted under sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Rubber Board Act, 1947 (24 of 1947) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1962 or the previous year in which such Board was constituted, whichever is later;

        (c)   the Tea Board established under section 4 of the Tea Act, 1953 (29 of 1953) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1962 or the previous year in which such Board was constituted, whichever is later;

        (d)   the Tobacco Board constituted under the Tobacco Board Act, 1975 (4 of 1975) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1975 or the previous year in which such Board was constituted, whichever is later;

        (e)   the Marine Products Export Development Authority established under section 4 of the Marine Products Export Development Authority Act, 1972 (13 of 1972) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1972 or the previous year in which such Authority was constituted, whichever is later;

         (f)   the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority established under section 4 of the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Act, 1985 (2 of 1986) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1985 or the previous year in which such Authority was constituted, whichever is later;

        (g)   the Spices Board constituted under sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Spices Board Act, 1986 (10 of 1986) in any previous year relevant to any assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 1986 or the previous year in which such Board was constituted, whichever is later;]

   54 [(h)   the Coir Board established under section 4 of the Coir Industry Act, 1953 (45 of 1953);]

     55[(30)  56 in the case of an assessee who carries on the business of growing and manufacturing tea in India, the amount of any subsidy received from or through the Tea Board under any such scheme57 for replantation or replacement of tea bushes  58 [or for rejuvenation or consolidation of areas used for cultivation of tea] as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify:

                      Provided that the assessee furnishes to the 59[Assessing] Officer, along with his return of income 60  for the assessment year concerned or within such further time as the 59[Assessing] Officer may allow, a certificate from the Tea Board as to the amount of such subsidy paid to the assessee during the previous year.

                      Explanation.—In this clause, “Tea Board” means the Tea Board established under section 4 of the Tea Act, 1953 (29 of 1953);]

      61 [(31) in the case of an assessee who carries on the business of growing and manufacturing rubber, coffee, cardamom or such other commodity in India, as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, the amount of any subsidy received from or through the concerned Board under any such scheme for replantation or replacement of rubber plants, coffee plants, cardamom plants or plants for the growing of such other commodity or for rejuvenation or consolidation of areas used for cultivation of rubber, coffee, cardamom or such other commodity as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify:

                      Provided that the assessee furnishes to the Assessing Officer, along with his return of income60 for the assessment year concerned or within such further time as the Assessing Officer may allow, a certificate from the concerned Board, as to the amount of such subsidy paid to the assessee during the previous year.

                      Explanation.—In this clause, “concerned Board” means,—

         (i)   in relation to rubber, the Rubber Board constituted under section 4 of the Rubber Act, 1947 (24 of 1947),

        (ii)   in relation to coffee, the Coffee Board constituted under section 4 of the Coffee Act, 1942 (7 of 1942),

      (iii)   in relation to cardamom, the Spices Board constituted under section 3 of the Spices Board Act, 1986 (10 of 1986),

       (iv)   in relation to any other commodity specified under this clause, any Board or other authority established under any law for the time being in force which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;]

      62 [(32) in the case of an assessee referred to in sub-section (1A) of section 64, any income includible in his total income under that sub-section, to the extent such income does not exceed one thousand five hundred rupees in respect of each minor child whose income is so includible;]

     63[(33)   any income arising from the transfer of a capital asset, being a unit of the Unit Scheme, 1964 referred to in Schedule I to the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002 (58 of 2002) 64  and where the transfer of such asset takes place on or after the 1st day of April, 2002;]

     65[(34)   any income by way of dividends referred to in section 115-O.

 66 [Explanation.—For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that the dividend referred to in section 115-O shall not be included in the total income of the assessee, being a Developer or entrepreneur;]

           (35)   any income by way of,—

        (a)   income received in respect of the units of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D); or

        (b)   income received in respect of units from the Administrator of the specified undertaking; or

        (c)   income received in respect of units from the specified company:

Provided that this clause shall not apply to any income arising from transfer of units of the Administrator of the specified undertaking or of the specified company or of a mutual fund, as the case may be.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause,—

        (a)   “Administrator” means the Administrator as referred to in clause (a) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002 (58 of 2002)67-68;

        (b)   “specified company” means a company as referred to in clause (h) of section 2 of the Unit Trust of India (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2002 (58 of 2002) 67-68 ;

           (36)   any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being an eligible equity share in a company purchased on or after the 1st day of March, 2003 and before the 1st day of March, 2004 and held for a period of twelve months or more.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “eligible equity share” means,—

         (i)   any equity share in a company being a constituent of BSE-500 Index of the Stock Exchange, Mumbai as on the 1st day of March, 2003 and the transactions of purchase and sale of such equity share are entered into on a recognised stock exchange in India;

        (ii)   any equity share in a company allotted through a public issue on or after the 1st day of March, 2003 and listed in a recognised stock exchange in India before the 1st day of March, 2004 and the transaction of sale of such share is entered into on a recognised stock exchange in India;]

     69[(37)   in the case of an assessee, being an individual or a Hindu undivided family, any income chargeable under the head “Capital gains” arising from the transfer of agricultural land, where—

         (i)   such land is situate in any area referred to in item (a) or item (b) of sub-clause (iii) of clause (14) of section 2;

        (ii)   such land, during the period of two years immediately preceding the date of transfer, was being used for agricultural purposes by such Hindu undivided family or individual or a parent of his;

      (iii)   such transfer is by way of compulsory acquisition under any law, or a transfer the consideration for which is determined or approved by the Central Government or the Reserve Bank of India;

       (iv)   such income has arisen from the compensation or consideration for such transfer received by such assessee on or after the 1st day of April, 2004.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, the expression “compensation or consideration” includes the compensation or con-sideration enhanced or further enhanced by any court, Tribunal or other authority;

           (38)   any income arising from the transfer of a long-term capital asset, being an equity share in a company or a unit of an equity oriented fund where—

        (a)   the transaction of sale of such equity share or unit is entered into on or after the date on which Chapter VII of the Finance (No. 2) Act, 2004 comes into force; and

        (b)   such transaction is chargeable to securities transaction tax under that Chapter :

                        70 [Provided that the income by way of long-term capital gain of a company shall be taken into account in computing the book profit and income-tax payable under section 115JB.]

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “equity oriented fund” means a fund—

         (i)   where the investible funds are invested by way of equity shares in domestic companies to the extent of more than 71[sixty-five] per cent of the total proceeds of such fund; and

        (ii)   which has been set up under a scheme of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D) :

                      Provided that the percentage of equity shareholding of the fund shall be computed with reference to the annual average of the monthly averages of the opening and closing figures;]

      72 [(39)   any specified income, arising from any international sporting event held in India, to the person or persons notified73 by the Central Government in the Official Gazette, if such international sporting event—

        (a)   is approved by the international body regulating the international sport relating to such event;

        (b)   has participation by more than two countries;

        (c)   is notified 73  by the Central Government in the Official Gazette for the purposes of this clause.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “the specified income” means the income, of the nature and to the extent, arising from the international sporting event, which the Central Government may notify73 in this behalf;

           (40)   any income of any subsidiary company by way of grant or otherwise received from an Indian company, being its holding company engaged in the business of generation or transmission or distribution of power if receipt of such income is for settlement of dues in connection with reconstruction or revival of an existing business of power generation:

                      Provided that the provisions of this clause shall apply if reconstruction or revival of any existing business of power generation is by way of transfer of such business to the Indian company notified under sub-clause (a) of clause (v) of sub-section (4) of section 80-IA;

           (41)   any income arising from transfer of a capital asset, being an asset of an undertaking engaged in the business of generation or transmission or distribution of power where such transfer is effected on or before the 31st day of March, 2006, to the Indian company notified under sub-clause (a) of clause (v) of sub-section (4) of section 80-IA;]

      74 [(42)   any specified income arising to a body or authority which—

        (a)   has been established or constituted or appointed under a treaty or an agreement entered into by the Central Government with two or more countries or a convention signed by the Central Government;

        (b)   is established or constituted or appointed not for the purposes of profit;

        (c)   is notified by the Central Government in the Official Gazette75 for the purposes of this clause.

                      Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “specified income” means the income, of the nature and to the extent, arising to the body or authority referred to in this clause, which the Central Government may notify 75  in this behalf;]

     76[(43)   any amount received by an individual as a loan, either in lump sum or in instalment, in a transaction of reverse mortgage referred to in clause (xvi) of section 47;]

     76a [(44)   any income received by any person for, or on behalf of, the New Pension System Trust established on the 27th day of February, 2008 under the provisions of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 (2 of 1882).]